TRUMP’S BILLIONAIRE CABINET: How They Harm Working People and Take America’s Wealth for Themselves

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Context: As President, Trump Elevates the Wall Street Elite He Criticized as a Candidate

Last year, throughout his presidential campaign, Donald Trump harnessed populist anger at the wealthy elite, and presented himself as an outsider who will stand up for working people.

At an August 2015 appearance on CBS, Trump said that “hedge funds guys are getting away with murder,” earning “a hell of a lot of money and not paying taxes.”[1] He slammed the “global special interests rigging the system” against working class Americans.[2]

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Candidate Trump criticized excessive CEO compensation, saying “you see these guys [CEOs] making these enormous amounts of money and it’s a total and complete joke.”[3]

Speaking about his tax plan, he claimed “no one will gain more from these policies than low and middle income Americans.”[4]

He vowed to drain the “swamp” of political insiders and financial elite. But as President, Trump has quickly embraced the Wall Street billionaires he criticized as a candidate.

His cabinet appointees and top advisors are drawn heavily from the hedge fund and private equity worlds. They made their fortunes by manipulating the economy against working people and extracting massive wealth from communities.

DONALD TRUMP’S CABINET AND ADVISORS BY THE NUMBERS:

Total net worth of Trump advisors and cabinet members exceeds $63,170,600,000, a sum that exceeds the gross domestic product of Luxembourg.[5][6]

Total net worth of Trump advisors and cabinet members exceeds $63,170,600,000, Click To Tweet

Combined, twenty cabinet appointees and members of the Strategic and Policy Forum and Economic Advisor Councils have a net worth exceeding that of the combined bottom 40% of all Americans.[7]

Since data is unavailable for many of Trump’s advisors, their true net worth is likely even higher.

Position Name Estimated net worth
Special advisor Carl Icahn $17.7 billion
Economic Advisory Council Andrew Beal $10.5 billion
Economic Advisory Council Stephen Schwarzman $10.2 billion
Economic Advisory Council John Paulson $8.6 billion
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos $5.1 billion
Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross $2.5 billion
Secretary of the Army Vincent Viola $1.79 billion
Small Business Administrator Linda McMahon $1.35 billion
Economic Advisory Council Thomas J. Barrack, Jr. $1.3 billion
Economic Advisory Council Stephen Feinberg $1.26 billion
Strategic and Policy Forum Jamie Dimon $1.1 billion
Economic Advisory Council Steven Roth $1.09 billion
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson $365 million
Economic Advisory Council Howard Lorber $200 million
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin $46 million
Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson $26 million
Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao $16.9 million
Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price $13.6 million
Attorney General Jeff Sessions $7.5 million
Energy Secretary Rick Perry $3 million
Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney $2.6 million
Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke $675,500

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Overview: Examining How Trump’s Inner Circle Earns Massive Profits at Our Expense

What follows is a report from Hedge Clippers that examines how the actions and decisions of Trump’s White House picks have been detrimental to working men and women across the United States.

Companies run by Trump’s appointees and advisors have outsourced at least 900 American jobs, foreclosed on tens of thousands of homes, and left billions in outstanding tax disputes with the IRS.

Companies run by Trump’s appointees and advisors have outsourced at least 900 American jobs Click To Tweet

And those are just a few of the most egregious examples.

This is the first in a series of reports that will cut through the rhetoric and spin surrounding Trump’s economic agenda, and blow the whistle on how his appointees and advisors protect the wealthy elite, while leaving everyone else to pick up the tab.

STEVEN T. MNUCHIN, TREASURY SECRETARY DESIGNEE

Screen Shot 2017-02-09 at 4.22.04 PM[8]

NET WORTH:  $46 MILLION

Mnuchin, son of a veteran Goldman Sachs partner, began his career in finance with a seventeen-year stint at Goldman Sachs.[9]

After departing Goldman, Mnuchin struck out on his own, launching a hedge fund called Dune Capital.  One of Dune Capital’s most profitable moves involved creating a new bank out of the husk of IndyMac, a large bank that failed during the 2008 financial crisis.

With a taxpayer guarantee that capped possible losses from the acquisition, Mnuchin and a consortium of other investors bought $32 billion of IndyMac assets at a steep discount.[10]  Mnuchin later sold the bank to CIT Group, and joined the CIT Group board of directors.[11] [12]

Foreclosure abuses and racial redlining

Mnuchin’s OneWest Bank has repeatedly been accused of abusive foreclosure practices.

While news stories often highlight tawdry details of specific foreclosure actions, such as the bank’s 2014 foreclosure on a 90 year old woman over a 27 cent discrepancy, a memo from the California Attorney General’s office makes clear that abuses were endemic to the bank’s foreclosure practice.[13]

According to the memo, investigators with the Attorney General’s office uncovered strong evidence that OneWest staff had backdated documents in a way that allowed the bank to expedite foreclosures.

Pervasive isn’t a strong enough term to describe the practice– in one batch of 913 OneWest documents reviewed, 909 had signs of backdating.[14]

Troublingly, there are many signs that OneWest also discriminated by race when it came to both mortgage originations and bank locations.

Using data submitted to federal regulators, California-based housing rights groups have called for an investigation into possible redlining by OneWest, noting extreme disparities in lending to minority communities.[15]

According to data submitted by OneWest to the federal government, the bank did not make any home purchase or home improvement loans to African Americans in the Los Angeles area in either 2012 or 2013.[16]  The complaint also notes that OneWest had “an unreasonably low” number of bank branches in minority areas, compared to its peers.[17]

These pending allegations follow a history of regulator action against the bank.

Making millions from middle-class misery

OneWest paid off big for Steve Mnuchin.  In 2015, Mnuchin made $6,560,838 from the bank.[18]  When Mnuchin left OneWest after the merger with CIT Group, he earned $10.9mn in severance.[19] Unfortunately, Mnuchin’s workers did not share in their boss’s largess.

In December 2012, 168 OneWest workers in Kalamazoo, Michigan were granted trade adjustment assistance by the Department of Labor, after their jobs were shifted to Mumbai and Bangalore, India.[20]  The following year, 725 workers at OneWest’s Texas offices had their jobs offshored to call centers in India.[21]

Overseeing his own legal compliance, potentially profiting from his own policies — conflict

If confirmed to Treasury, Mnuchin will be in the uncomfortable position of having been head of an organization that was under consent decree by the Treasury Department just two years prior.[22]

The consent decree was issued in 2011 by the Office of Thrift Supervision, a Treasury division that was folded into the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency in the Dodd-Frank Act, and involved OneWest’s use of so-called ‘robo-signers’ who mass filed affidavits of personal knowledge about foreclosure matters they only cursorily reviewed.[23]

And that won’t be the only awkwardness with Mnuchin’s appointment—according to the Wall Street Journal, Mnuchin has a $1-$2 million investment in a hedge fund run by John Paulson, which is betting on the privatization of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[24]

Mnuchin has committed to advancing the privatization, if confirmed.

mnuchin

ANDREW PUZDER, SECRETARY OF LABOR DESIGNEE

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NET WORTH:  UNKNOWN

$10 MILLION SALARY AND $25 MILLION CORPORATE OWNERSHIP STAKE[25]

Donald Trump campaigned on an economic populist message that promised to raise wages for the poorest Americans.  In July 2016, Trump explicitly advocated for raising the federal minimum wage—at least to $10, with the possibility that higher-income states could enact even higher minimums.[26]

America’s fiercest critic of the minimum wage

In choosing Andrew Puzder for secretary of labor, Donald Trump has essentially signaled that he will break that campaign promise.  Puzder, the CEO of CKE Restaurant Group (operator of Carl’s Jr. and Hardee’s) is one of the nation’s fiercest critics of raising the minimum wage.[27]

While Puzder opposes minimum wage increases for America’s working class, his extensive compensation as CEO is at the level that Donald Trump attacked as a “total and complete joke” during the campaign.[28]

During his tenure as CEO, CKE was purchased by private equity firm Apollo Global Management, which later sold their stake in CKE to another private equity fund, Roark Capital Group.[29]  Upon the 2010 sale to Apollo, Puzder earned three “special retention bonuses” of $1,255,000 each, with each bonus amounting to significantly more than Puzder’s $1,070,000 base salary at the time.[30]

Puzder’s employment agreement with Apollo also provided for dues to “recreation clubs,” car allowances, and use of company aircraft by executives.[31]

Made mega-millions while CKE workers got poverty pay

While Puzder made millions of dollars, workers at CKE Restaurant properties like Hardee’s and Carl’s Jr. fared far worse.

In 2016, the Bloomberg BNA noted that the Department of Labor found Fair Labor Standards Act violations at more than half of all Hardee’s/Carl’s Jr. restaurants they investigated from 2009-2016.[32]

Workers at CKE Restaurants have filed several wage and hour lawsuits.  Some Hardee’s managers are involved in a class action lawsuit to recoup wages they claim to have lost due to being allegedly misclassified as overtime exempt.  While Hardee’s reclassified the employees in response, the workers are still fighting for back pay.[33]

Shipped jobs overseas to make more millions – threatened to hire robots

Under Puzder’s leadership, CKE even committed the cardinal sin of businesses in the Trump-era— they shifted American jobs overseas.

According to a September 2010 certification of eligibility under the Department of Labor’s Trade Adjustment Assistance program, CKE Restaurants outsourced the work of their Anaheim, CA information technology helpdesk staff to the Philippines.[34]

The Department of Labor notice sheds no light on the motivation for moving American jobs overseas, but Puzder’s statements about workforce automation are instructive.  In a Business Insider article, Puzder described his desire to create a fully-automated restaurant, noting that robots are “always polite, they always upsell, they never take a vacation, they never show up late, there’s never a slip-and-fall, or an age, sex, or race discrimination case.”[35]

Survey shows CKE workers got harassed and ripped off on pay

Andrew Puzder has good reason for wanting workers that don’t file discrimination cases. In January 2017, the Restaurant Opportunities Center (ROC) published a survey of 564 workers at restaurants operated by CKE Restaurants Inc.

The ROC survey bolsters the repeated Department of Labor findings that CKE Restaurants are recidivist wage and hour violators, with nearly a third of respondents reporting that they were required to work off the clock.

Even more troublingly, two-thirds of respondent CKE workers reported experiencing sexual harassment at work, a number 50% higher than the already high rate of sexual harassment in the fast food industry.[36]

If confirmed, Puzder will oversee the Department of Labor at a critical point in our nation’s history.  Income for middle-wage workers has stagnated for decades, and employers are increasingly choosing not to provide health care for their labor force.[37]  As a candidate, Donald Trump promised to create 25 million new jobs.[38]

If Andrew Puzder is confirmed, the Department of Labor will be led by the former CEO of a low-wage employer that offshored jobs, subjected workers to sexual harassment, underpaid employees, and threatened to replace American workers with machines. 

Puzder

CARL ICAHN, UNPAID SPECIAL ADVISOR

Carl Icahn

NET WORTH:  $17.7 BILLION

Carl Icahn is working part time as a special advisor to Donald Trump.  According to New York Magazine, Icahn “vetted candidates to oversee the SEC, which is investigating at least five companies in which he owns significant stakes.”[39]

Icahn’s publicly traded holding company, Icahn Enterprises, is the owner of an Oklahoma oil refinery, and his own SEC reports note that the company incurs “increased capital, operating and compliance costs” in connection with their compliance with federal and state environmental regulations.[40]

Given his ownership in the oil refinery, Carl Icahn’s opining that Trump EPA designee Scott Pruitt is a “great pick” begs the question: for whom, the American public, or for Carl Icahn and Icahn Enterprises?

Betting billions on Trump policy preferences and winning big

Icahn did not even wait for Donald Trump to take office to start reaping benefits from his administration—Icahn reportedly left Donald Trump’s victory party to bet $1 billion on stocks.[41]  According to Fortune magazine, Icahn’s investment portfolio was the biggest winner of Trump’s hedge fund backers, earning more than $700 million after Election Day.[42]

Destroyed 35,000 American jobs to make his fortune

According to an earlier analysis by the Hedge Clippers, Icahn’s takeovers have resulted in the loss of more than 35,000 jobs and reduction or elimination of healthcare and pension benefits from more than 126,000 families.[43]

Sketchy personal foundation rigs system for tax breaks

Paralleling Donald Trump, Icahn’s charity, Foundation for a Greater Opportunity, has also been the subject of press controversy.[44]  In 1997, Icahn donated $100 million in pre-IPO shares of Railcar Industries, Inc., earning “about a $45 million income tax reduction, according to an estimate by Gregg Polsky, a law professor at UNC.”

Nearly a decade later, and three short days before Railcar Industries went public, Icahn’s foundation sold the shares back to him at $100mn.

Interestingly, Icahn paid for the shares with a $90 million I.O.U., which he has yet to repay as of the Foundation’s most recent tax filings.[45]  The timing of the non-profit’s sale of the shares back to Icahn proved to be quite fortuitous—shares climbed 40% in the first month of trading.[46]

Icahn

BETSY DEVOS, SECRETARY OF EDUCATION DESIGNEE

Betsy Devos

NET WORTH:  $5.1 BILLION

Betsy DeVos earned her billions the old fashioned way—she inherited them.

The daughter of Edgar and Elsa Prince, founders of the Prince Corporation, DeVos married Richard DeVos Jr., the heir to the Amway fortune.

Their combined net worth is estimated at $5.2 billion.

Billionaire heiress with 250 dark shell corporations to hide wealth

Apparently not content with their inherited fortune, the DeVoses have created at least two investment vehicles to grow their unimaginable riches: RDV Corporation and Windquest Group.[47] [48]  In turn, these companies have registered “some 250 companies registered to a single Grand Rapids, Mich., address.”[49]

Some of these investments could pose a conflict of interest for Betsy DeVos as secretary of education.

Making millions from student loan refinancing — conflict

Through one of her private equity groups, DeVos is an indirect investor in Social Finance, Inc., a student loan refinancing company.  If confirmed, DeVos would ultimately be responsible for the Department of Education $1.3 trillion student loan portfolio.[50]

Making millions from for-profit schools — conflict

Previously, the DeVoses were pre-IPO investors in K12 Inc., a controversial for-profit charter company.[51]  Investment blogs have flagged K12 Inc., now a publicly traded company, as a “potential beneficiary” from Trump’s education pick.[52]  It is easy to understand how one would arrive at that conclusion.  K12 Inc. has been a funder of DeVos’s American Federation for Children,[53] a pro-voucher lobbying group that makes supporting online charter schools a part of its mission statement.[54]

Funding anti-LGBTQ and anti-woman militants — conflict

Betsy DeVos has also used her vast fortune to try and enact laws and support organizations that policies in line with her own conservative religious views.

Through her non-profit organization, DeVos has supported the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education FIRE, an organization that has supported raising the “standard of proof for victims of sexual assault in university administrative hearings.”[55]

Gay rights advocates are alarmed that DeVos has donated hundreds of thousands of dollars to groups like Focus on the Family, which has pushed for the use of thoroughly-discredited “conversion therapy” to “treat” homosexuality.[56]

According to Politico, DeVos has already been in talks with Sen. James Lankford about “reining in” the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights.[57]

DeVos

STEPHEN SCHWARZMAN, PRESIDENT’S STRATEGIC AND POLICY FORUM ADVISOR[58]

Steven Schwarzman

NET WORTH:  $10.2 BILLION

Donald Trump campaigned on ending one particularly abusive tax maneuver employed by some of the wealthiest Americans—the so-called “carried interest” loophole.[59]  Closing the loophole was such a touchstone of the Trump tax plan that, after an ambiguous tax agenda was posted to the Trump campaign website, Trump surrogate Wilbur Ross took to the airwaves to clarify Trump’s commitment to eliminating the loophole.[60]

King of carried interest – made millions from rigged-system loophole

In light of that commitment, it’s odd that Trump has selected private equity Stephen Schwarzman as chairman of the “President’s Strategic and Policy Forum.”

You would be hard-pressed to find a more steadfast proponent of the carried interest loophole than Blackstone’s Stephen Schwarzman.  According to Newsweek, Schwarzman described the struggle of private equity managers against Obama administration efforts to raise their taxes as a “war” like “when Hitler invaded Poland in 1939.”[61]

Spent millions in lobbying fees to rig the system

Since 2007, Blackstone has spent at least $25,040,000 with three lobbying firms that specifically mentioned their work on carried interest in their Senate lobbying disclosure forms.[62]

Blackstone lobbying on carried interest, 2007-2016:

Lobbyist Amount Quarter Year
Capitol Counsel, LLC $190,000.00 4th 2014
Capitol Counsel, LLC $160,000.00 4th 2013
Capitol Counsel, LLC $310,000.00 4th 2012
Capitol Counsel, LLC $270,000.00 1st 2014
Capitol Counsel, LLC $50,000.00 1st 2015
Capitol Counsel, LLC $150,000.00 1st 2013
Capitol Counsel, LLC $30,000.00 1st  (Amend.) 2015
Capitol Counsel, LLC $10,000.00 2nd 2015
Capitol Counsel, LLC $160,000.00 2nd 2013
Capitol Counsel, LLC $170,000.00 2nd 2014
Capitol Counsel, LLC $10,000.00 3rd (Term.) 2015
Capitol Counsel, LLC $170,000.00 3rd 2014
Capitol Counsel, LLC $160,000.00 3rd 2013
Capitol Counsel, LLC $150,000.00 3rd 2012
Ogilvy Government Relations $2,560,000.00 4th 2008
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 4th 2011
Ogilvy Government Relations $2,820,000.00 4th 2009
Ogilvy Government Relations $960,000.00 4th 2010
Ogilvy Government Relations $720,000.00 Year-end 2007
Ogilvy Government Relations   1st 2008
Ogilvy Government Relations   1st 2009
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 1st 2012
Ogilvy Government Relations $900,000.00 1st 2010
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 1st 2011
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 2nd 2012
Ogilvy Government Relations   2nd 2008
Ogilvy Government Relations   2nd 2009
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 2nd 2011
Ogilvy Government Relations $980,000.00 2nd 2010
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 2nd  (Amend.) 2012
Ogilvy Government Relations $3,740,000.00 Mid-year 2007
Ogilvy Government Relations   3rd 2008
Ogilvy Government Relations   3rd 2012
Ogilvy Government Relations $960,000.00 3rd 2010
Ogilvy Government Relations $1,250,000.00 3rd 2011
Ogilvy Government Relations   3rd 2009
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $50,000.00 4th 2012
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $50,000.00 4th 2012
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 4th 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 4th 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 4th 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 4th 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2015
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2015
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 1st 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 2nd 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 2nd 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 2nd 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 2nd 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 3rd 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 3rd 2014
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 3rd 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $30,000.00 3rd 2013
Tompkins Strategies, LLC $10,000.00 3rd 2012
Tompkins Strategies, LLC      

According to estimates by professor Victor Fleischer, closing the carried interest loophole could raise $180 billion in federal taxes over ten years.[63] 

Schwarzman

VINCENT VIOLA, ARMY SECRETARY DESIGNEE

Vincent Viola

NET WORTH:  $1.79 BILLION

Vincent Viola is the billionaire head of Virtu Financial, a publicly traded high frequency trading (HFT) firm.

High-frequency trading firms have been the subject of intense regulatory scrutiny during the Obama administration, and significant public scrutiny following the release of Michael Lewis’ 2014 New York Times bestseller Flash Boys, an expose on abuses in the HFT industry.

Banking billions by raising costs for middle-class savers & driving economic instability

In the book, Lewis pointed out that high-frequency trading firms often leverage their high-speed networks to take advantage of price differences across different trading platforms.  This activity is not economically productive, and essentially amounts to a tax on ordinary market participants—carving out fractions of a penny on each share bought by a retirement fund or 401k.

Not only do these firms effectively tax regular market participants, they may even threaten our nation’s financial stability.

The Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), a division of the Treasury Department created under Dodd-Frank to monitor systemic risks to our nation’s financial system, has been sounding alarm about possible systemic risks created by firms like Virtu.[64]

The FSOC believes that high-frequency trading firms like Virtu, the first HFT firm to be traded on the stock market, could pose unforeseen risk by rapidly amplifying market shifts to create “flash crash” events.  In the market for U.S. Treasuries, such a “flash crash” already occurred in October 2014, straining liquidity for a market critical to both U.S. security and the global economy.[65]

In their most recent annual financial report, Virtu Financial also noted that they have received requests for information and documents from the SEC and New York Attorney General’s Office.

Viola’s appointment signals Trump’s willingness to curtail investigations into high-frequency trading firms like Virtu, which recently partnered with J.P. Morgan to facilitate high-frequency trading of U.S. Treasuries.[66]

As a member of Trump’s cabinet, Viola is likely to exert influence on the Trump administration, including in matters outside of the purview of his specific cabinet post.

*NOTE: Vincent Viola withdrew himself from contention because the Department of Defense requires Viola to separate himself from his businesses, a task that Viola found impossible to accomplish. http://www.militarytimes.com/articles/trump-viola-withdraws-army-secretary

 

WILBUR ROSS, COMMERCE SECRETARY DESIGNEE

Wilbur Ross, chief executive officer of WL Ross & Co., speaks at the Bloomberg Dealmaker Summit in New York, U.S., on Thursday, Oct. 25, 2012. European banks are less well regulated than U.S. lenders, Ross said. Photographer: Peter Foley/Bloomberg via Getty Images

NET WORTH:  $2.5 BILLION 
Wilbur Ross, Donald Trump’s pick for commerce secretary is a billionaire, and founder of the private equity firm W.L. Ross & Co.  Ross lives a life of unbelievable luxury and excess, with a $125 million art collection and several homes including an apartment in Manhattan and mansions in the Hamptons and in Palm Beach, Florida where he is a renowned tennis player;[67] Ross has dined on filet mignon, lobster and banana splits with Carl Icahn, his fellow billionaire Trump supporter.[68][69]

Wilbur Ross has made a fortune snapping up American companies and profiting from restructurings that harm American workers, including shifting of pensions, not investing in safety, and moving jobs offshore.

Made billions outsourcing jobs, cutting wages & pensions, selling out to plant closers

Ross shook up two American steel companies—LTV and Bethlehem Steel in bankruptcy, benefiting from new federal tariffs on steel imports, offloading of pension obligations, new work rules, other shifts in global steel market.[70]  Ross sold the American firms to European/Indian firm Arcelor Mittal for a $2.5 billion profit, which then closed steel plants in Illinois and Upstate New York.[71]

Ross’s vulture investments in coal and textiles followed a similar path:  Ross purchased corporate assets in bankruptcy, cut costs by busting unions, cutting jobs and wages, and sold at the top of market to other companies for big profits — including Arch Coal, which recently declared bankruptcy and will move to hurt communities and workers all over again.[72] [73]
Billionaire Trump donor Ross and his funds owned company behind the infamous Sago Mine disaster. Ross originally tried to claim that he didn’t control the company as safety problems were growing, but it was eventually exposed that he had a 47% stake or more for the five years immediately before twelve West Virginia miners were killed in that explosion.[74]

Outsourced American jobs to China and Mexico
Wilbur Ross also oversaw the outsourcing of American jobs at Cone Mills to Jiaxing, China and the Mexican cities of Parras and Yecapixtla.[75] Ross became an expert and collector on contemporary Asian art while spending time in Hong Kong and China outsourcing American jobs.[76]

 

TRAVIS KALANICK – STRATEGIC AND POLICY FORUM MEMBER

travis-kalanick-wants-to-transform-uber-into-a-real-chinese-company

EST. NET WORTH: $6.3 BILLION

Uber CEO Travis Kalanick has joined Donald Trump’s Strategic and Policy Forum.  Donald Trump has vowed to invest billions in infrastructure, largely through tax breaks and what has been termed “a full-on privatization assault.”[77]  Such a plan must be music to the ears of Uber and their venture capital backers.

After months of denying that they had any interest in privatizing public transit, Uber launched two “casual carpool” services in 2015.[78] Using these carpool/taxi offerings, has partnered with cities from Philadelphia, Tampa, and Oakland on a subsidized ride share program that aims to solve the “last mile” problem: their drivers cart passengers to and from the end of the traditional public transit route.[79]

As Uber takes over spaces that are traditionally reserved for public transportation (and their unionized work force), Kalanick and Uber have the potential to profit from the privatization of transit.
Uber, like Donald Trump, has demonstrated a dislike of prying reporters. During a conversation that he believed to be off the record, a senior Uber executive “suggested that the company should consider hiring a team of opposition researchers to dig up dirt on its critics in the media” including publishing the Uber’s data about rides taken by a female journalist critical of the company.[80]  While that Uber executive apologized and claimed that he was not representing Uber’s views, Uber has shown a willingness to engage in opposition research against its foes.[81] [82]

The company’s wage practices have also been the subject of some controversy.  Uber has argued that its drivers are “independent contractors”—going so far as to settle lawsuits to avoid the risk of having its drivers classified as employees.[83]

After settling two lawsuits filed by drivers who claimed the company didn’t let them accept tips, Uber relented, agreeing to allow drivers to accept tips.[84]  But in an official post on Medium, the company stated that tipping “is not included, nor is it expected.”[85]  And while Uber’s advertisements have painted rosy pictures of potential driver earnings, the company recently settled an FTC complaint over inflated salary advertisements.[86]

*NOTE:  Kalanick resigned from Trump’s economic policy council on February 2nd after thousands of Americans joined the #DeleteUber and #UberRidesWithHate campaigns and stopped using his union-busting ride service.  Kalanick’s role on the policy council and Uber’s effort to exploit a work stoppage by the New York Taxi Workers Alliance at JFK Airport in New York during the anti-Muslim ban protests on January 28 exposed the billionaire’s collaboration with Trump and drew widespread, harsh criticism.[87]

THOMAS J. BARRACK, JR, ECONOMIC ADVISORY COUNCIL MEMBER

TBJ-Opening

NET WORTH: $1.3 billion

Thomas Barrack, executive chairman of Colony Northstar, helped raise over $32 million for the Trump campaign.

Despite his generous support, Barrack has claimed that his support for Donald Trump was not political, but rather an attempt to disrupt the status quo.[88]  Disrupting the status quo is an odd stance for Barrack, who has a long history working with conservative administrations, serving in the Regan cabinet and as an attorney for the firm representing Richard Nixon.[89]

Outside of his occasional forays into three of the most conservative administrations of the past half-century, Barrack is known for his sprawling real estate empire.

According to C-Suite Quarterly, Barrack landed a role in real estate after helping real estate investor Lonnie Dunn broker an deal between Saudi Arabia and Haiti, then under control of brutal dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier.[90]  In Barrack’s telling, Dunn was so impressed by him that he offered to let Barrack manage his U.S. real estate investments.

Barrack launched Colony Capital in 1991, merging with Starwood Waypoint in 2016.[91]  In that merger, Colony bought a firm that had earned scorn from the housing activist community for crowding out FHA borrowers—who are disproportionately borrowers of color—in their drive to acquire a massive portfolio of U.S. housing stock.[92]

Barrack’s investment in “distressed celebrities” pays off big in Trump election

While Colony Northstar is known as the “Wall Street Landlord” responsible for snapping up thousands of houses across the country, Barrack’s personal specialty is finding value in washed-out celebrities.

Partnering with actor Rob Lowe, Barrack has formed a hedge fund to invest in “celebrities and entertainment properties whose value he believes to be artificially depressed.”[93]  It’s no wonder Barrack was one of Donald Trump’s first Wall Street backers—Barrack made a big bet on Trump’s celebrity status, and now stands to reap significant rewards.

Colony Starwood’s SEC filings repeatedly note how the firm is subject to “[c]ompliance with governmental laws, regulations and covenants… may adversely affect our business and growth strategies.”[94]

The SEC filings specifically note the power of, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and the associated Dodd-Frank consumer protections, violations of which could cause “reputational damage and incur losses that could materially and adversely impact our business.”  Already, there are signs that the Trump administration will be targeting the Consumer Financial Protection Board, a consumer watchdog that has returned $11.8 billion to U.S. consumers since its 2011 creation.[95]

STEPHEN FEINBERG, ECONOMIC ADVISORY COUNCIL MEMBER

Steve Feinberg

NET WORTH:  $1.26 BILLION

Feinberg is the head of Cerberus Capital Management, a private equity firm named for the multi-headed dog of Greek mythology that is tasked with guarding the gates of the underworld.

Feinberg, a Manhattan billionaire who often tries to adopt a working-class affect, is one of the nation’s largest firearms dealers.

Following a trip to the North Carolina training facilities of the private mercenary firm formerly known as Blackwater (run by the brother of Trump education secretary designee Betsy DeVos), Cerberus went on a gun manufacturer buying spree, snapping up established gun companies and folding them into a mega-gun maker named Freedom Group—the largest gun manufacturer in the United States.[96]

 “Freedom Group’s business strategy was to use America’s Special Forces as an R&D department for selling guns at Wal-Mart. What worked in the battlefield worked in the forest. “Shooting a 180-pound deer is the same tech as shooting an 180-pound man,” said Brittingham, and Freedom was staffed with a number of people who’d done both.”

Sold weapons to Sandy Hook shooter – kept making millions in personal profit

Marketing military-style weapons to the civilian public has a social cost that is paid in the needless loss of American lives, and this is something that Feinberg knows firsthand.

When twenty elementary school children and six teachers and staff lost their lives at Sandy Hook Elementary, the gunman was armed with a Freedom Group assault rifle.  And, while Cerberus pledged divestment from the firearms business in the wake of the Sandy Hook tragedy, Bloomberg has reported that Feinberg personally purchased the stakes in Freedom Group sold by investors in Cerberus.[97]

Rip-off fees for public pensions:  “We’re all overpaid”

Like many private equity firms, Feinberg’s company counts many large public pension funds as their clients.

According to Preqin, a commercial aggregator of pension and fund manager data, Cerberus has managed retirement funds for the CalPERs, CalSTRS, Kentucky Retirement Systems, Los Angeles Police & Fire Retirement, Louisiana SERS, the state of Michigan, New York State Common Retirement System, New York Teachers, Pennsylvania School Employees, and Pennsylvania State Employees Retirement System.[98]

Cerberus reportedly charges these clients fees between 1-2% of assets managed per annum, along with a 15-20% performance allocation fee.[99]  The high fees charged by private equity funds have been the subject of criticisms in the past,[100] but perhaps the best criticism of the high fees comes from Stephen Feinberg himself:

 “General partners make absurd amounts of money.  We’re all overpaid.  LP’s asking for fee discounts are completely justified.”

Feinberg

JOHN PAULSON, ECONOMIC ADVISORY COUNCIL MEMBER

US Open

NET WORTH:  $9.8 BILLION

Trump donor Paulson is worth $9.8 billion, and is known for betting $15 billion against U.S. mortgages during the 2008 financial crisis, making up to $4 billion personally.[101]

Billionaire tax dodger in the rigged system

As Trump takes office, Paulson stands to gain from Donald Trump’s pro-business IRS.

Under the Obama administration, the IRS was considering altering the “passive income” exemption to exclude offshore reinsurance businesses, which many hedge fund managers have created to invest in their own hedge funds.[102]

Paulson’s reinsurance fund, Pacre Ltd., was a poster child of the loophole that the IRS sought to close.  Pacre had “no offices or employees of its own” and sold “far less insurance than industry norms,” according to Bloomberg.[103]

All reinsurance funds like Pacre Ltd were set up to do, according to insurance CEO William Berkley, were “trying to find a way to have a vehicle that can go offshore and avoid paying taxes.”[104]  Since the IRS did not taken action on their proposed rule before President Obama left office, a Trump win all but ensures that funds like Pacre won’t be on the hook for the taxes they avoided.

Vulture investor profiting from austerity & pain in Puerto Rico

Wealthy financiers are flocking to Puerto Rico to take advantage of tax exemptions and cuts on corporate taxes, personal income, and capital gains[105] Pioneering this effort is billionaire hedge fund manager John Paulson.  At a recent investment conference, Paulson predicted as a result of the shock and austerity induced by the current debt and finance crisis, Puerto Rico would become the “Singapore of the Caribbean” – that is, a tax haven for the extremely wealthy.[106] Such a move would undoubtedly benefit Paulson, who has been taking advantage of the island’s tax breaks by buying up luxury real estate on the island, including La Concha Resort and the Condado Vanderbilt, two beachfront hotels in San Juan.[107]  Indeed, Paulson has gone all-in on Puerto Rico.[108]  Paulson has reportedly purchased $120 million in the island’s troubled municipal bonds and is also the largest investor in Banco Popular, the territory’s largest banking concern.[109]  Furthermore, Paulson is leading the move to the island by hedge fund managers ready to take advantage of the tax haven created by the Puerto Rican government in 2012[110] 

Paulson

ROBERT MERCER, SUPER-PAC SUPPORTER

robert-mercer

NET WORTH: UNKNOWN

Robert Mercer, an ultra-secretive hedge fund billionaire and co-CEO of Renaissance Technologies, Inc., has numerous connections to the apparatus that elected Donald Trump.

Built key elements of Trump communications and data platforms:  Breitbart & Cambridge Analytica

According to reports in Newsweek and Bloomberg, Mercer is an investor in Breitbart, an alt-right website run by Steve Bannon, President-elect Trump’s strategist.[111] Mercer’s daughter, Rebekah was reported to have pushed Trump to hire controversial alt-right figure Steve Bannon.[112]

Mercer is also a reported investor in Cambridge Analytica,[113] the controversial firm that claims to target voters based on “psychographic” profiles.[114]  Cambridge Analytica was spun out of Strategic Communications Laboratories, a British consultancy that did “psy-ops” work in Afghanistan, and has been accused of improperly accessing personal data on Facebook users.[115] [116]

Using that data, Cambridge Analytica built psychological models of American voters and sold them to both the Trump campaign and a Mercer-funded super PAC backing Trump.[117]  And Trump even attended the Mercer’s annual costume party in December, held on Robert Mercer’s sprawling Long Island estate.[118]

Carried interest kingpin investigated by U.S. Senate

Robert Mercer is able to pay his way in the world of reactionary, right wing politics thanks to his stake in Renaissance Technologies, a secretive hedge fund.  In 2014, a the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations concluded that Renaissance Technologies had used a cutting edge scheme to convert short-term capital gains into long-term capital gains, paying the “carried interest” loophole rate.[119]

To do so, Renaissance entered into complex agreements with bank counterparties, in which the banks sold options against a “basket” of securities that Renaissance and other fund managers actively traded.  While these baskets acted like a regular brokerage account, the bank technically owned them until the option was exercised.

According to the Senate report, Renaissance Technologies generated approximately $34.2 billion in profit since 1999, avoiding an estimated $6.8 billion in taxes.[120]

The IRS issued guidance in 2015 requiring firms to declare their use of “options baskets” on their tax filings, and correct previous filings, but had not yet pressed any case on their prior use.[121]

With Trump assuming the presidency, and hedge fund manager Mnuchin heading the Treasury Department, it remains to be seen if the IRS will press this $6.8 billion issue.

Screen Shot 2017-02-09 at 4.22.29 PM[122]

Mercer

TOM PRICE, HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES 

Tom Price

NET WORTH:  $13.6 MILLION

Congressman Tom Price has a background in orthopedic surgery, but his stock picks as a congressman were shrewd enough to earn him entrée onto this list.

As the Wall Street Journal reported, Price “traded more than $300,000 in shares of health-related companies over the past four years while sponsoring and advocating legislation that potentially could affect those companies’ stocks.”[123]

Rep. Louise Slaughter—author of 2012 legislation that significantly curtailed insider trading by federal legislators, has called on the Securities and Exchange Commission to investigate Price’s dealings.[124]

Big potential profits from drug approvals he may soon control

The most controversial of Price’s investments is Innate Immuno, a foreign company with a pending review of its marquee multiple sclerosis drug before the HHS’s Food and Drug Administration.[125]

If the FDA approves the drug, Price’s shares in Innate Immuno could double in value.

Price

DAVID MALPASS, TRUMP ECONOMIC ADVISORY COUNCIL MEMBER

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NET WORTH:  UNKNOWN

David Malpass, a former economist at Bear Stearns, has been one of Donald Trump’s economic advisors since the campaign.

Wrote NAFTA, which Trump attacks

Malpass is a strange pick for Trump, as he was one of the authors of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the trade agreement that president-elect Trump campaigned strongly against.[126]

Malpass has not been shy about his involvement in crafting the trade deal.  He campaigned on his support for free trade during his failed bid to secure the Republican Party nomination for the 2010 New York senate special election.[127]  On his campaign website, Malpass touted the benefits of “[l]iberal trading policies with other nations.”  In his campaign biography, Malpass claimed that he “worked to bring free market policies, jobs and growth to nations around the world which wanted to generate the kinds of prosperity they saw coming from the U.S in the 1980s. He negotiated trade agreements, including NAFTA”[128]

Taking economic advice from a literal author of NAFTA seems an odd choice for Donald Trump, who campaigned on a nationalist populism sharply critical of trade deals.  Asked about NAFTA during an August 2015 interview on 60 Minutes, Trump called the agreement “a disaster” and promised to break or renegotiate it.[129]

The presidential debates saw Trump use NAFTA as a cudgel against Secretary Clinton; calling it “the worst trade deal maybe ever signed anywhere, but certainly ever signed in this country.”[130]

Malpass

GOLDMAN SACHS, EMPLOYER EMERITI

400x-1

Deserving of a special mention is Goldman Sachs, the controversial investment bank, which has numerous ties to Trump’s cabinet and advisors.  Among them:

  • Walter Jay Clayton: Partner at the Wall Street law firm Sullivan and Cromwell,[131] Clayton’s former clients include Goldman Sachs and the pre-bankruptcy Lehman Brothers.[132] [133] His wife, Gretchen Clayton, is a vice president at Goldman Sachs.[134]
  • Steve Bannon: Bannon, proprietor of the alt-right website Breitbart,[135] spent several years at Goldman Sachs before launching his own firm.[136]
  • Gary Cohn: Cohn, the COO of Goldman Sachs and the company’s “No. 2” will be director of the National Economic Council.[137]
  • Dina Powell: Powell, a partner at Goldman Sachs, will join the Trump Whitehouse as an advisor on entrepreneurship.[138]
  • Steve Mnuchin: Mnuchin, a seventeen-year Goldman Sachs veteran is a second-generation Goldman Sachs partner.[139]
  • Anthony “The Mooch” Scaramucci: Fired from Goldman Sachs in 1991,[140] Scaramucci will be an Trump’s Wall Street liaison.[141]

Trump’s heavy reliance on Goldman Sachs alumni stands in sharp contrast to his vilification of Goldman on the campaign trail.  In several tweets, Trump claimed that Goldman Sachs “owns” former Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz.[142]  In Iowa, candidate Trump told voters that he was “not going to let Wall Street get away with murder” adding “Wall Street has caused tremendous problems for us.”[143]

clipper next

Footnotes 

[1] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-08-26/trump-puts-a-serious-wall-street-issue-on-the-table-hedge-fund-carried-interest

[2] http://time.com/4530568/donald-trump-hillary-clinton-conspiracy/

[3] http://video.foxnews.com/v/4484635716001/?#sp=show-clips

[4] http://www.cnbc.com/2016/08/08/trump-tax-plan-has-big-implications-for-wall-street.html

[5] According to the IMF http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/02/weodata/index.aspx

[6] https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/05/21/the-top-10-of-americans-own-76-of-the-stuff-and-its-dragging-our-economy-down/?utm_term=.8358d397b4cb

[7] https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/05/21/the-top-10-of-americans-own-76-of-the-stuff-and-its-dragging-our-economy-down/

[8] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-08-31/steven-mnuchin-businessweek

[9] http://www.salon.com/2016/11/30/president-elect-trump-chooses-mnuchin-for-treasury-ross-for-commerce-in-transition-moves/

[10] http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/01/13/the-truth-about-private-equity-politicians-need-it-taxpayers-fund-it.html

[11] http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-onewest-cit-20150804-story.html

[12] http://www.housingwire.com/articles/38669-steven-mnuchin-trumps-treasury-secretary-pick-resigns-from-cit-group-board

[13] https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3250383-OneWest-Package-Memo.html

[14] https://theintercept.com/2017/01/03/treasury-nominee-steve-mnuchins-bank-accused-of-widespread-misconduct-in-leaked-memo/

[15] http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-onewest-redlining-20161115-story.html

[16] http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/11/bank-run-trumps-pick-treasury-accused-racial-discrimation

[17] http://static.politico.com/2c/8e/e9475089455c8ba7ebaf9c350bd5/housing-discrimination-complaint.pdf

[18] https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1171825/000089109216014070/e68787def14a.htm

[19] http://www.cnn.com/2016/12/12/politics/who-is-steven-mnuchin-trumps-pick-for-treasury-secretary/

[20] https://www.doleta.gov/tradeact/taa/taadecisions/83279.pdf ; https://www.doleta.gov/tradeact/taa/taadecisions/taadecision.cfm?taw=83279

[21] https://www.doleta.gov/tradeact/taa/taadecisions/82824.pdf ; https://www.doleta.gov/tradeact/taa/taadecisions/taadecision.cfm?taw=82824

[22] https://www.occ.gov/static/enforcement-actions/ea2015-077.pdf ; https://www.occ.gov/static/ots/misc-docs/consent-orders-97665.pdf

[23] https://www.occ.gov/static/ots/misc-docs/consent-orders-97665.pdf

[24] http://www.wsj.com/articles/mnuchin-has-stake-in-fund-that-would-gain-from-fannie-mae-revival-1484169733

[25] https://mic.com/articles/161681/andrew-puzder-net-worth-here-s-what-we-know-about-the-millionaire-ceo-of-cke-restaurants#.KJX8xjXv1

[26] https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/27/donald-trumps-falsehood-laden-press-conference-annotated/?utm_term=.75f13da3fb81

[27] https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/08/us/politics/andrew-puzder-labor-secretary-trump.html

[28] www.cbsnews.com/news/donald-trump-on-ceo-pay-its-a-complete-joke/d

[29] http://investor.ckr.com/press-release/cke/roark-capital-group-acquire-cke-restaurants-apollo-global-management

[30] https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/45536/000119312510230334/dex109.htm

[31] https://www.pacbiztimes.com/2013/11/22/apollo-cashes-in-on-cke-with-1-6b-sale/

[32] https://www.bna.com/franchise-model-recipe-n57982076930/

[33] https://thinkprogress.org/puzder-labor-abuses-f235d772bc8c#.1dq3rwy9u

[34] https://www.doleta.gov/tradeact/taa/taadecisions/taadecision.cfm?taw=74552

[35] http://www.businessinsider.com/carls-jr-wants-open-automated-location-2016-3

[36] http://rocunited.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/PuzdersLaborProblem_Report_Web_Final2-1.pdf

[37] http://www.epi.org/publication/charting-wage-stagnation/

[38] http://www.politico.com/story/2016/09/donald-trump-jobs-economic-plan-228218

[39] http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/01/icahn-conflicts-of-interest-trump-white-house.html?mid=twitter-share-di

[40] https://www.desmogblog.com/2016/12/08/carl-icahn-donald-trump-scott-pruitt-epa-keystone-xl

[41] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-11-09/icahn-left-trump-victory-party-to-bet-1-billion-on-u-s-stocks

[42] http://fortune.com/2016/11/09/trump-cabinet-carl-icahn-hedge-fund/

[43] http://hedgeclippers.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/0705-Icahn.pdf

[44] http://www.alternet.org/right-wing/carl-icahn-used-charity-profit-massive-tax-savings

[45] http://pdfs.citizenaudit.org/2016_02_EO/13-3913393_990_201412.pdf

[46] https://finance.yahoo.com/q/hp?s=ARII&a=00&b=23&c=2006&d=01&e=23&f=2006&g=d

[47] http://www.gongwer.com/public/devosdisclosure.pdf

[48] https://www.google.com/search?q=fortune+synonym&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8#q=Windquest+Group+%23+Devos

[49] https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/10/opinion/big-worries-about-betsy-devos.html

[50] http://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-education-secretary-pick-has-indirect-stake-in-student-lender-1480977577

[51] http://www.gongwer.com/public/devosdisclosure.pdf

[52] http://www.streetinsider.com/Trader+Talk/K12,+Inc.+(LRN)+Seen+as+Potential+Beneficiary+as+Trump+Names+DeVos+as+Education+Secretary/12281118.html

[53] http://afcpolicysummit.com/2016-sponsors/

[54] http://www.federationforchildren.org/about-us/mission/

[55] http://www.politico.com/story/2017/01/betsy-devos-education-sexual-assault-233376

[56] http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/betsy-devos-education-secretary-civil-rights-gay-transgender-students-231837

[57] https://www.politicopro.com/education/whiteboard/2017/01/devos-talks-with-lankford-about-reining-in-office-for-civil-rights-081665

[58] http://www.forbes.com/sites/antoinegara/2016/12/02/trump-taps-steve-schwarzman-jamie-dimon-and-mary-barra-for-advice-on-job-creation-growth/#684c8dc62174

[59] https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/18/business/with-trump-as-foe-carried-interest-tax-loophole-is-vulnerable.html

[60] http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2016/10/13/trump-adviser-tries-to-clarify-carried-interest-policy/

[61] http://www.newsweek.com/schwarzman-its-war-between-obama-wall-st-71317

[62] Per a 1/10/2017 review of electronically filed lobbying disclosures on the United States Senate website.

[63] https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/06/business/dealbook/how-a-carried-interest-tax-could-raise-180-billion.html

[64] http://www.valuewalk.com/2015/05/fsoc-financial-stability/

[65] https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Documents/Joint_Staff_Report_Treasury_10-15-2015.pdf

[66] http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2016/09/algorithmic-high-frequency-stock-market-trading-000208

[67] http://hauteliving.com/2014/12/wilbur-and-hilary-ross-art-collection/533964/

[68] http://www.llnyc.com/37169-billionaire-wilbur-ross-jr-finally-got-into-river-house

[69] http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/17/fashion/weddings/hilary-geary-and-wilbur-ross-jr.html?_r=0

[70] http://nymag.com/nymetro/news/bizfinance/columns/moneyandmind/10279/index1.html

[71] http://emma.msrb.org/EP622398-EP487404-.pdf

[72] http://www.forbes.com/sites/steveschaefer/2015/01/21/ma-flashback-wilbur-ross-wild-ride-in-coal-mining/#3e6af9aa641c

[73] http://www.wsj.com/articles/arch-coal-files-for-bankruptcy-1452500976

[74] http://www.wvgazettemail.com/News/TheSagoMineDisaster/200601100027

[75] http://hauteliving.com/2014/12/wilbur-and-hilary-ross-art-collection/533964/

[76] http://hauteliving.com/2014/12/wilbur-and-hilary-ross-art-collection/533964/

[77] https://www.thenation.com/article/trumps-infrastructure-plan-is-a-full-on-privatization-assault/

[78] http://www.theverge.com/2015/12/8/9873544/uber-hop-commute-mass-transit-seattle-chicago

[79] http://www.theverge.com/2015/11/9/9698658/uber-uberpool-nyc-october-ride-share-numbers

[80] https://www.buzzfeed.com/bensmith/uber-executive-suggests-digging-up-dirt-on-journalists?utm_term=.eexXaW0Q0#.kdYP64GMG

[81] https://www.buzzfeed.com/johanabhuiyan/uber-sought-to-hire-opposition-researcher-to-weaponize-facts?utm_term=.enNP26xzx#.gcDODYRoR

[82] http://www.theverge.com/2016/7/10/12127638/uber-ergo-investigation-lawsuit-fraud-travis-kalanick

[83] http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/21/11485424/uber-suit-california-Massachusetts-drivers-employee-contractor

[84] http://gizmodo.com/uber-you-can-tip-your-driver-but-you-really-shouldnt-1773638357

[85] https://medium.com/uber-under-the-hood/our-approach-to-tipping-aa0074c0fddc#.ej60kuj3s

[86] https://www.aol.com/article/finance/2017/01/25/uber-to-pay-20-million-for-alleged-driver-income-deception/21662682/

[87] http://mashable.com/2017/02/02/delete-uber-travis-kalanick-resign-trump/#mgWy1qGNYaqQ/

[88] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/videos/2016-07-18/thomas-barrack-trump-support-active-not-political

[89] http://archive.fortune.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2005/10/31/8359143/index.htm ; http://www.ibtimes.com/political-capital/president-trump-wall-street-power-players-who-will-wield-influence-trump-white

[90] http://csq.com/2013/03/thomas-barrack-jr-colony-capital-wave-rider/#.V8h8wJMrJbV

[91] http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160105006880/en/Colony-Starwood-Homes-Announces-Closing-7.7-Billion

[92] http://calreinvest.org/system/resources/W1siZiIsIjIwMTUvMDYvMjMvMDBfMDhfMzVfNTI3X1JFT190b19SZW50YWxfaW5fQ2FsaWZvcm5pYV9DUkNfSnVuZV8yMDE1Xy5wZGYiXV0/REO%20to%20Rental%20in%20California%20(CRC%20June%202015).pdf

[93] http://nymag.com/news/business/69782/

[94] http://www.snl.com/Cache/c33150183.html

[95] http://fortune.com/2017/01/27/donald-trump-cfpb-consumer-protection-financial-bureau-elizabeth-warren/

[96] http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/11/a-billionaires-dreams-of-creating-a-guns-empire.html ; https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/16/business/dealbook/cerberus-unable-to-sell-remington-will-buy-back-its-shares-from-investors.html

[97] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-12-18/wall-street-s-big-guns-why-cerberus-sticks-with-its-firearms-iibia4fy

[98] Preqin, accessed 1/12/2017

[99] Cerberus’s latest ADV brochure lists 27 other types of fees and expenses that may also be billed to clients. https://www.adviserinfo.sec.gov/IAPD/Content/Common/crd_iapd_Brochure.aspx?BRCHR_VRSN_ID=381233

[100] http://cepr.net/images/stories/reports/private-equity-fees-2016-05.pdf

[101] http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB120036645057290423 ; http://www.forbes.com/profile/john-paulson/

[102] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-23/paulson-gets-more-time-for-reinsurance-tax-move-under-irs-rule

[103] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-23/paulson-gets-more-time-for-reinsurance-tax-move-under-irs-rule

[104] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-02-19/paulson-leads-funds-to-bermuda-tax-dodge-aiding-billionaires

[105] http://money.cnn.com/2015/08/05/investing/puerto-rico-tax-exemptions-billionaire/

[106] http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-04-24/john-paulson-says-puerto-rico-to-become-singapore-of-caribbean

[107] http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-02-25/billionaire-paulson-said-in-talks-to-acquire-puerto-rico-resort

[108] http://blogs.wsj.com/moneybeat/2015/06/26/john-paulson-launches-new-stock-fund/

[109] http://www.elnuevodia.com/negocios/finanzas/nota/johnpaulsondona400millonesalauniversidaddeharvard-2055496/

[110] http://www.foxnews.com/world/2014/04/24/puerto-rico-seeks-high-end-investors-to-help-jumpstart-economy/

[111] http://www.newsweek.com/2016/12/02/robert-mercer-trump-donor-bannon-pac-523366.html ; www.bloomberg.com/politics/features/2016-01-20/what-kind-of-man-spends-millions-to-elect-ted-cruz-

[112] http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/305912-kkk-american-nazi-party-praise-trumps-hiring-of-bannon ; http://www.newsweek.com/2016/12/02/robert-mercer-trump-donor-bannon-pac-523366.html

[113] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-11-11/rebekah-mercer-daughter-of-major-donor-named-to-trump-role

[114] https://www.wired.com/2016/08/trump-cambridge-analytica/

[115] https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/opinion/the-secret-agenda-of-a-facebook-quiz.html

[116] https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/dec/11/senator-ted-cruz-president-campaign-facebook-user-data

[117] http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/11/05/donald-trump-s-billionaire-backed-super-pac-also-paying-rudy-giuliani-s-law-firms.html ; http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/rebekah-mercer-donald-trump-231693

[118] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-12-01/trump-villains-and-heroes-to-mingle-at-mercers-costume-party

[119] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-07-21/renaissance-avoided-more-than-6-billion-tax-report-says

[120] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-07-21/renaissance-avoided-more-than-6-billion-tax-report-says

[121] http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-irs-hedgefunds-idUSL3N0ZP3D320150709

[122] http://digitaledition.courant.com/tribune/article_popover.aspx?guid=7faf60c4-b133-4497-9aa4-113415ad12d5

[123] http://www.wsj.com/articles/donald-trumps-pick-for-health-secretary-traded-medical-stocks-while-in-house-1482451061

[124] http://www.wsj.com/articles/lawmaker-asks-sec-to-investigate-stock-trades-of-hhs-nominee-tom-price-1484042401

[125] http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/01/13/trump-s-hhs-nominee-tom-price-got-a-sweetheart-deal-on-health-stock.html?via=desktop&source=twitter

[126] http://blogs.democratandchronicle.com/voteup/2010/04/01/malpass-on-liberty-nafta-and-gillibrand/

[127] http://web.archive.org/web/20100926080057/http://www.malpassforsenate.com/home/issues/foreign-trade/

[128] http://web.archive.org/web/20100915074505/http://www.malpassforsenate.com/home/meet-david/

[129] http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/NAFTA-TRUMP-BREAK-DEAL/2015/09/25/id/693391/

[130] http://fortune.com/2016/09/27/presidential-debate-nafta-agreement/

[131] https://www.sullcrom.com/lawyers/Jay-Clayton

[132] https://www.jenner.com/lehman/docs/debtors/LBHI_SEC07940_103437-103441.pdf

[133] https://www.sullcrom.com/lawyers/Jay-Clayton

[134] https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2017-01-04/deals-lawyer-said-to-be-a-contender-to-lead-sec-under-trump ; https://www.linkedin.com/in/gretchen-clayton-419a9950

[135] https://www.splcenter.org/hatewatch/2016/04/28/breitbartcom-becoming-media-arm-alt-right

[136] http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/08/stephen-bannon-donald-trump-alt-right-breitbart-news

[137] http://money.cnn.com/2016/12/12/investing/gary-cohn-trump-goldman-sachs-economic-adviser/

[138] http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2017/01/12/donald-trump-dina-habib-powell-goldman-sachs-george-w-bush/96500754/

[139] http://money.cnn.com/2016/11/29/news/economy/donald-trump-steven-mnuchin-treasury/

[140] http://www.wsj.com/articles/the-mooch-earns-the-ear-of-donald-trump-1484065795

[141] http://www.businessinsider.com/anthony-scaramucci-named-assistant-to-trump-2017-1

[142] http://www.mediaite.com/online/after-denouncing-goldman-sachs-on-campaign-trail-trump-considering-president-for-top-post/

[143] http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/ct-trump-goldman-sachs-20161209-story.html

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